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雅思作文:职场上的说话艺术

2017/06/1901:08关键词:雅思作文:职场上的说话艺术  

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  如果你热爱辩论,或是喜欢看《奇葩说》,那你一定会被那些大神们的口才和观点折服。其实,不管是在生活还是职场上的人际交往中,掌握说话的艺术都十分关键。如果你遇到下面两种情况,会怎么处理呢?

  一、你的老板提出了一项你认为无法运作的新创意(Your boss proposes a new initiative you think won’t work)。

  二、你资历深的同事草拟了一个不切实际的项目进度表(Your senior colleague outlines a project timeline you think is unrealistic)。

  很多人在遇见上述两种情况都会下意识地选择退却,不过趋利避害是人的本能,这也在情理中。

  原文

  It’s a natural human reaction to shy away from disagreeing with a superior. Our bodies specialize in survival, so we have a natural bias to avoid situations that might harm us. Although it’s just plain easier to agree, that’s not always the right thing to do.

  当和上司持不同意见时,退缩是人们的自然反应。我们的身体专注于生存,因此避免可能伤害到自己的情况是我们的天然倾向。尽管同意他人明显要容易得多,但这并非总是正确的做法。

  shy away  退却,退缩

  superior  n. 上司【immediate superior 顶头上司】

  specialize in  专精于,专注于

  plain  这里用作副词,表示清楚地,明显地

  所以,要怎么才能“好好说话”,委婉地对上司提出自己的意见呢?一共九条建议(tips)

  今天先为您介绍前四条:

  01.Be realistic about the risks 明确风险

  原文

  Most people tend to overplay the risks involved in speaking up. Our natural bias is to start by imagining all the things that will go horribly wrong. Yes, your counterpart might be surprised and a little upset at first. But chances are you’re not going to get fired or make a lifelong enemy. First consider the risks of not speaking up — perhaps the project will be derailed or you’ll lose the team’s trust — then realistically weigh those against the potential consequences of taking action.

  大多数人夸大了勇于发声的风险。自然倾向使得我们一开始就会想象非常严重的后果。的确,你提意见的对象一开始可能会惊讶并且有一些沮丧,但有可能你并不会被解雇或是树立一生的敌人。首先思考不发声的风险——这个项目可能会偏离轨道或者你会失去团队的信任——然后实事求是地将这些风险与采取行动会产生的潜在后果进行权衡。

  overplay   v. 夸大

  chances are that…  有可能

  derail  v.(火车)偏离轨道

  weigh A against B  权衡A和B

  02.Decide whether to wait 决定是否暂缓

  原文

  After this risk assessment, you may decide it’s best to hold off on voicing your opinion. Maybe you want to get a clearer sense of what the group thinks. If you think other people are going to disagree too, you might want to gather your army first. People can contribute experience or information to your thinking — all the things that would make the disagreement stronger or more valid. It’s also a good idea to delay the conversation if you’re in a meeting or other public space. Discussing the issue in private will make the powerful person feel less threatened.

  进行风险评估后,你可能决定最好还是先暂缓提意见。可能你想要更清楚地了解团队的想法。如果你认为其他人也可能不同意(某个议题),你可能会想先找到“战友”。他人可以为你的思考贡献经验和信息——这些都会让你的反对意见更加有力或有效。当身处在会议中或是其它的公共空间时,最好延迟与上司的谈话。私下讨论这个议题会让掌握权力的上司不那么感受威胁。

  hold off on sth.  保留,推迟,暂缓

  get a clear(er) sense of…  更清楚地了解…

  threatened  害怕的,退缩的

  03.Identify a shared goal 确认共同目标

  原文

  Before you share your thoughts, think about what the powerful person cares about — it may be the credibility of their team or getting a project done on time. You’re more likely to be heard if you can connect your disagreement to a higher purpose. When you do speak up, don’t assume the link will be clear. You’ll want to state it overtly, contextualizing your statements so that you’re seen not as a disagreeable underling but as a colleague who’s trying to advance a shared goal.

  在分享自己的想法之前,思考那有权之人关心什么——可能是团队的信誉或是准时完成项目。如果你能把反对意见和更大的目的联系起来,你的意见就更容易被听进去。当你发表意见的时候,不要假定这种联系是显而易见的。你要将这种联系清楚地陈述出来,讲清楚你观点的来龙去脉,这样你看起来就不是一个讨厌的下属,而是一个想要达成共同目标的同事。

  credibility  n. 信誉,可信度

  overtly  adv. 明显地,公开地

  contextualize  v. 将置于上下文中研究;使…溶入背景

  disagreeable  adj. 不讨人喜欢的

  underlying  n. 下属

  04.Ask permission to disagree 取得发表不同意见的许可

  原文

  This step may sound overly deferential, but it’s a smart way to give the powerful person “psychological safety” and control. And, assuming they say yes, it will make you feel more confident about voicing your disagreement.

  这个步骤听起来似乎过于顺从了,但这是一个聪明的方法,能给有权者“心理保障”和掌控感。而且,假设他们允许了,这会让你在提不同意见时感觉更自信。

  deferential  adj. 顺从的

  作者:唐伟胜,新航道特约雅思学术顾问,广东外语外贸大学教授、博士。中国知名英语教育专家

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