例 1：剑桥5的Test 3
东east 东北 north-east
西west 东南 south-east
北north 西北 north-west
南south 西南 north-west
A is located…
A is situated…
A lies …
A is located in the east side of B
A is located … kilometers to the east of B
A is located at the east corner of B
A is located on the east edge of B
A is next to/is close to/is adjacent to/A is in the proximity to B
A is opposite B
A faces east/A faces towards the east
along with river/road
alongside the river/road
The road/river runs from…to…
The first potential location (S1)is outside the town itself and is sited just off the main road to the town of Hindon, lying 12 kms to the north-west. This site is in the countryside and so would be able to  accommodate a lot of car parking. This would make it accessible to shoppers from both Hindon and Garlson who could travel by car. As it is also close to the railway line linking the two towns to Cransdon(25 km to the south-east), a potentially large number of shoppers would also be able to travel by train.
动态变迁题的开头段改写原题用一般现在时，主体段根据图形来决定。如果题目当中有明确表示过去和现在时间标志的词，我们按照图形使用不同的时态。如图所示，例3: The maps show the changes of a small village from 1995 to present.
A is built in
A is contracted in
A is established in
A is added to…
An addition is made to …, which is A
A is turned into/is transformed into B
A is converted into B
A is removed/demolished from…
The size of A is reduced to (only half of/one third of the original size)
A is expanded (to twice its size)=The size of A almost doubled.
A extends (eastward/westward/southward…)
开头同数据型图标文章一样，对题目做简单的改写：The maps reveal the alterations of the village of Soton over the period from 1995 to present.
In the first picture , the village was divided into three parts by two major roads. In the southern part, there was a fishing port on the sea, and a fish market, which was near the port, was just located at the south side  of the major road. Opposite to the market, there was a block of shops sitting on the other side of the road. East of the shops, a hotel and a cafe were built at the joint  of the two major roads. The northwest part was basically a residential area, and some of the houses were surrounded by a rectangular road. In addition, a farmland of great acreage occupied the northeast corner , while a forest park of similar size was established on the south of the farmland.
In the second picture, the village has changed a lot.The fishing port has gone and the fish market is replaced by a block of apartments. Several restaurants also take up the place of  the shops on the road side. Moreover, a car park is newly built no the east of the hotel. In addition, the housing area becomes larger and a branch road is built from the rectangular road to the west. Finally, a sports field for tennis and golf occupied the place of previous farmland the forest park.
To conclude, these years have witnessed rapid development in the village of Soton.
be sited 位于主干道的旁边
be divided into 被分成几部分
there be 某处有某物
be located at 位于...
opposite to… ….的对面
be built 被建立
at the joint 在交叉口
be surrounded by 被…包围
occupy the northeast corner 处于东北角
be established 被建立
be replaced by 被…替代
take up the place of 被…替代