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雅思写作高分之正确使用长难句

2017-02-20 09:33     供稿单位: 新航道     责编:詹鹏辉    浏览 0

摘要: 对于写作论点方面,中国的学生普遍缺乏creative thinking,因此在逻辑微有瑕疵的前提下,如何拿到6.5或者7以上的高分呢?这就来源于你的语法结构 grammer range and accuarcy。

中国的许多考生在雅思写作考试部分,除了时间问题的困扰之外,还有一个问题困扰着大家,那就是写作论点!下面就是新航道小编为大家带来的正确使用长难句为作文加分。

  对于写作论点方面,中国的学生普遍缺乏creative thinking,因此在逻辑微有瑕疵的前提下,如何拿到6.5或者7以上的高分呢?这就来源于你的语法结构 grammer range and accuarcy。

 

中国学生缺乏创造思维 雅思写作高分长难句加分

 

也就引出我们今天的主题:

  正确用长难句给大作文加分

  1,长难句会加分么?

  高分的写作要求我们有语法的丰富度,也就是时态,语气与语态的结合,除此之外还要有多变的句式结构(复杂句加简单句)

  其中,复杂句是最能考验一个学生语言功底的句子,正确的架构一个长难句对于考官来说,无疑是一个高分亮点。

  eg.Many schools are eager to hire experienced employees.(简单句)

  eg.Many schools are eager to hire employees who possess the organisational skills needed tocomplete the duties associated with teaching.(复杂句)

  但这并不意味,所有的句子都得由长难句来完成,长难句是起到画龙点睛之笔,偶尔也需要短句来调节考官的阅读节奏。(要注意所有论点的提出只能用简单句)

  因此,可以负责任的说,长难句的存在对于作文分数的提高有着至关重要的作用。

  2,长难句分为哪几种?

  是不是字数多就是长难句啊?

  我是不是要把主语的头弄大一点

  万一写个长难句还有语法错误,还不如不写了

  没有语法错误,全写小短句我也可以拿高分吧嘿嘿

  我敢肯定很多烤鸭都有以上掩耳盗铃或者天真可爱的想法。但在这里需要指出的是,长难句区别于简单句,即要有复杂的句式结构,而不仅仅是字数的限制。

  所谓英文的复杂句,从本质上来说不过就是两个(或者两个以上)简单句和连词的叠加。

  基础结构为:

  (连接词)+主+谓+宾+(连接词)+主+谓+(宾)

  当然亦可以通过“嵌套”出更为复杂的复杂句,但一般高分作文的复杂句只含有一个主句和1~2个从句及少量短语,再辅以简单句和并列句。

  Take it easy,我们并没有变态到到让你写出3、4个从句的长难句。

  细分一下长难句的种类,可以主要分为以下几种

  1.主句+从句

  例如:Some citizens take it for granted that environmental problems should be resolved by government alone without any personal effort.(用it作为形式宾语的宾语从句)

  2.倒装,强调或者虚拟

  例如:(1)Strange as I may seem,parent's attention sometimes hinder student's academic performance in school.(倒装)

  (2)It is the interaction of the two that shapes a person's personality and dictates how that personality develops.(强调)

  (3)If sufficient sky train and underground train systems were built and effectively maintained in our major cities,then traffic on the roads would be dramatically reduced.(虚拟)

  3.长句加短语的结合

  例如:Persuading manufacturers and travellers to adopt this new technology would be effective stragegy for improving air quality,especially in cities.(动名词作主语)

  4.用连词进行列举

  例如:Physical activity could be encouraged relatively cheaply,for exampleby installing exercise equipment in parks.

  3怎么写出正确的长难句

  根据第二部分给出的长难句种类,

  现在我们来仔细研究一下句子的主要框架结构。

  1.主句+从句

  (1) 宾语从句:someone take it in account(认为)

  someone take it into granted(认为什么理所当然)

  it 作为形式宾语(高分用法)

  (2)高端定语从句:及物动词/介词 +the extent to which+句子

  eg.The government must consider the extent to which environmental problems can be resolved.

  (3)主语从句:That+句子+makes it+adj+(for sb )to do sth /句子

  eg.That the government invests more in arts,like music and painting makes it possible that the cities and town will become a more attractive place to live in.

  (4)非谓语结构:Given +名词/ Given that+句子

  eg.Given that most young couples are too occupied to cinsider having babies,it is therefore imperative that they put off their parenthood.

  2.倒装,强调或者虚拟

  (1)倒装:Only...can.../Not only...but also.../Be it...or(不管是...还是...)

  (2)强调:It is...that.../It is...who(正是......导致了......)

  (3)虚拟:If...were...,...would...(注意在虚拟语气中,this和that后都要用were而不是was)

  3.长句加短语的结合

  例如在句子后面加入限定成分especially in citits/coutries/modern society, both in cities and on motorways, in this respect,ect.

  eg.A person needs to fell that they are doing valued and valuable work,so positive feedback from superiors is very important in this respect.

  4.用连词进行扩展

  例如用such as,for example,instead of,as well as 等等

  eg.Being a celebrity—such as a famous film star or sports personality—brings problems as well asbenifit.

  ※in terms of(在......方面),for the sake of(为了改善......) ,regardless of(不管......) 其实也是复杂句的三大绝活。

  例如:

  (1)This children are often spoilt,not in terms of love and attention because working parents do not have time for this.

  (2)......for the sake of their healty

  (3) regardless of price

  以上就是小编为大家寻到的全部内容了!

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