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新航道北京学校名师试听杨洋-托福语法—主语从句
杨洋-托福语法—主语从句

介绍:主语从句,在复合句中作主语的名词性从句叫做主语从句(一句话作主语),从句的引导词:表......

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时长:18:34:00  年份:2018-10

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  主语从句

  在复合句中作主语的名词性从句叫做主语从句(一句话作主语)

  从句的引导词:

  表事实用that

  表选择用whether

  表疑问用what / who / which / whose / why / where / when / how等

  that 引导主语从句

  That the Atlantic Ocean is only half as big as the Pacific Ocean is well known.

  注:that 是连词;

  that “三不”原则 —— 在从句中不作成分,不翻译,不能省略

  **一个主语从句的谓语动词用单数

  That the Atlantic Ocean is only half as big as the Pacific Ocean is well known.

  = It is well known that the Atlantic Ocean is only half as big as the Pacific Ocean.

  注:通常转换为it作形式主语

  It + be + adj. + that 从句

  It + be + done + that从句

  It + be + 名词 + that 从句

  It + seem (appear / turn out / happen等) + that从句

  It + be + adj. + that 从句

  It + be + done + that从句

  It + be + 名词 + that 从句

  It + seem (appear / turn out / happen等) + that从句

  It + be + adj. + that 从句

  It is likely that you will receive a grant to cover your tuition.

  It is true that being completely honest might hurt our friend’s feelings.

  注:It is necessary / important / surprising / strange / unbelievable / incredible + that从句结构中,从句经常用should+ 动词原形的结构,should可以省略

  翻译:

  在人们开始开车之前,适当地训练他们是至关重要的。

  It is vitally important that people should be properly educated before they start to drive.

  It + be + done + that从句

  It is believed that our smart phones are actually making us dumber.

  翻译:

  据说工作压力大或者经常加班的人更有可能增加体重。

  It is said that those who are stressed or working overtime are more likely to put on weight.

  It + be + 名词 + that 从句

  翻译:

  难怪你又迟到了。

  It is no wonder that you are late again.

  It + seem (appear / turn out / happen等) + that从句

  翻译:

  世界好像变得越来越小了。

  It seems that the world is getting smaller and smaller.

  Reading:

  It is generally believed that white-collar as well as blue-collar are suffering from psychological and physical stress stemming from work.

  大家普遍认为白领工人和蓝领工人都遭受着来自于工作的心理和身体压力。

  Writing:

  People learn more by watching television than by reading books.

  支持读书:

  人们普遍认为阅读能增加我们的知识,拓宽我们的视野。

  It is generally believed that reading increases our knowledge and broadens our horizon.

  支持看电视:

  让步段落

  It is true that (诚然)people can get numerous details by reading a book; nevertheless, it would take too long for those who wish to gain comprehensive information in various fields.