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2018年11月24日托福独立写作真题 | 范文及写作思路

2018/12/0302:33来源:互联网  

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         11月24日托福独立写作题目“Do you agree or disagree with the following statement?A group whose members think differently works more efficiently than a group whose members think the same.”【立场:disagree】

  思路解构

  Reason 1:

  Lack of cohesion --- conflict

  Think differently

  (disadvantageous)

  When the different ideas contradict each other, the group may disintegrate / dissolve.

  Think alike (advantageous)

  Team fabric / cohesion gets strengthened, since ideas are alike and group members are on the same page.

  Reason 2:

  不用只从题目的“内部”去想,即“group”,

  从题目“外部”去想,

  想到group work的目的:one shared goal.

  Think differently

  (disadvantageous)

  Group members diverge;

  They are likely to work by different standards;

  They may thus make no substantial progress or no progress at all.

  Think alike (advantageous)

  Group members work in one direction;

  They are likely to have mutual understanding;

  The process of work may be seamless / smooth;

  Also, probably, one person’s absence does not delay the progress.

  写作范文

  Introduction

  Lead-in (Topic) / 引入(论题):In work or study scenarios, there areeither instances where group members think differently or instances where group members think alike.

  Position / 立场:To guarantee work efficiency, I prefer a group whose membersshare one idea.

  【开头的信息进展一定要快,不要消磨读者的耐心】

  【主体部分段落(一段)示范】

  【中心句:宜短宜笼统】When group members hold divided opinions, the situation may be disadvantageous in either of the two following ways. One situation is that group members have divergent ideas, which may contradict each other. Not being on the same page, the members may spend plenty of time on persuading one another and make no substantial progress until they reach a consensus.【ideas之间的非并列衔接,让步衔接】Even though the members may not oppose each other, it is likely that they work by different standards. In other words, one may have lower standards, and another’s standards are higher. With this happening, a job may not continue when it is passed from one hand to another, since the recipient is highly likely to waste time on adapting to the preceding[precede] result. For example, when a team of automotive design consists of members whose deign philosophies are different, the design may stop on the sketch and may never be put through. Even if the design is finally unanimously agreed on, the manufacturing may not fare smoothly if workers do not work by a universal standard.

  Conclusion

  (笼统)总结全文 和 重申立场 可以合并:In (the) light of (all) the above, a group may accept different voices at the cost of its work efficiency and may be thus undesirable. Contrarily, a group with members who have the same ideas would work with higher efficiency.

  【结尾的信息进展一定也要快,再细节再多的内容都是无意义的赘述】

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