School leavers go travelling or work before they go directly to the university.
Do the advantages outweigh the disadvantages on their study?
It is quite common these days for young people in many countries to have a break from studying after graduating from high school. The trend is not restricted to rich students who have the money to travel, but is also evident among poorer students who choose to work and become economically independent for a period of time.
• 开头就是背景铺垫，同义替换“have a break from studying after graduating from high school”点出核心讨论主题
• It is quite common these days for somebody to do something.
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The reasons for this trend may involve the recognition that a young adult who passes directly from school to university is rather restricted in terms of general knowledge and experience of the world. 对比By contrast, those who have spent some time earning a living or travelling to other places have a broader view of life and better personal resources to draw on. 递进They tend to be more independent, which is a vert important factor in academic study and research, as well as giving them an advantage in terms of coping with the challenges of student life.
• 对比：by contrast 对比过程中要有侧重，避免更重篇幅落在对“直接升学”的讨论上，这部分考官只用了一句话带过，约占整段内容的1/3。
• recognition 认知 = understanding (n.)
have a broader view of life 拓宽人生视野
draw on personal resources 利用个人资源
cope with the challenges of life 应对人生挑战
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However, there are certainly dangers in taking time off at that important age. 分析观点 Young adults may end up never returning to their studies or finding it difficult to readapt to an academic environment. They may think that it is better to continue in a particular job, or to do something completely different from a university course. 驳斥But overall, I think this is less likely today, when academic qualifications are essential for getting a reasonable career.
• take time off 休假
end up doing something 到头来...
academic qualifications 学历
get a reasonable career 找到相当不错的职业
My view is that young people should be encouraged to broaden their horizons. That is the best way for them to get a clear perspective of what they are hoping to do with their lives and why. Students with such a perspective are usually the most effective and motivated ones and taking a year off may be the best way to gain this.
• broaden one’s horizon 拓宽视野
get a clear perspective of 对…有更清晰的认识