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当前位置:首页 > 雅思频道 > 雅思写作 > 6月22日雅思大作文示范写作 | 人类是否应该阻止动物灭绝

6月22日雅思大作文示范写作 | 人类是否应该阻止动物灭绝

发布时间:2024-06-25 关键词:雅思大作文示范写作

摘要:2024年6月22日雅思大作文题目

     2024年6月22日雅思大作文题目

  It is a natural process of animal species to become extinct (e.g. dinosaurs, dodos etc.). There is no reason for people to prevent this from happening. Do you agree or disagree?(2024/06/22)

  范文及解析

  Introduction

  The seismic shifts on our planet, be they the result of natural calamities or human-induced actions, have led to the alarming extinction of various animal species. While the forces of nature are beyond our control, proactive steps can be taken by humanity to alleviate and forestall the loss of many of these species.

雅思大作文示范写作

  解析

  本场Task 2 是单边观点类,环境类话题中的动物灭绝问题,也是之前的旧题;审题需要注意对题目中的两部分信息构成的因果关系进行分析,比如可以肯定原因从而肯定结果或肯定结果本身;也可以否定原因从而否定结果或否定结果本身;为了审题,也需要了解相关背景知识;

  Dodos:该物种是仅产于印度洋毛里求斯岛上一种不会飞的鸟,这种鸟在被人类发现后仅仅200年的时间里,便由于人类的捕杀和人类活动的影响彻底绝灭,堪称是除恐龙之外最的已灭绝动物之一。也是毛里求斯被定为国鸟的已灭绝鸟类。渡渡鸟于1681年灭绝。

  ❖ seismic adj. 影响深远的,重大的

  ❖ calamity n. 灾难,灾祸

  ❖ alarming adj. 令人担忧的,令人恐惧的

  ❖ proactive adj. 积极主动的

  ❖ forestall vt. 预先阻止

  译文参考:

  我们这个星球上的巨大的变化,无论是自然灾害还是人类活动的结果,已经导致了各种动物物种的惊人灭绝。虽然自然的力量超出了我们的控制,但人类可以采取积极的措施来减轻和防止许多这些物种的损失。

  Body 1

  Reflecting on Earth's evolutionary saga, the extinction of animal species is an inevitable part of the natural order. Countless species that once roamed our planet are now only echoes in the annals of history, with most of their disappearances predating human existence. For example, the sudden obliteration of an entire species can occur through catastrophic events such as volcanic eruptions. A stark illustration of this is the devastating asteroid impact that occurred tens of millions of years ago, leading to the extinction of the dinosaurs. Other natural phenomena, such as fluctuations in sea levels or shifts in climate, whether warming or cooling, can also trigger the extinction of species. A case in point is the demise of species like the saber-toothed tiger and the mammoth during the plummeting temperatures of the Ice Ages. In the face of such relentless forces, the idea of human intervention to prevent extinction might seem futile.

  解析

  (1) 回顾地球的进化历程,动物物种的灭绝是自然秩序不可避免的一部分;

  (2) 火山爆发,海平面波动或气候变化等都可能导致整个物种的突然灭绝;

  ❖ saga n.传奇故事;一连串事件(或经历)

  ❖ roam v.漫步,闲逛;

  ❖ echo n.回声,回音,余音绕梁;

  ❖ annals n.年报;编年史;年鉴

  ❖ predate vt.在日期上早于(先于)

  ❖ obliteration n.删除;消灭

  ❖ catastrophic adj.灾难性的;大规模突变的;

  ❖ asteroid adj.星状的;类似海星的

  ❖ demise n.倒闭,败落;死亡

  ❖ saber-toothed tiger 剑齿虎:一种已经灭绝的肉食性猫科动物

  ❖ mammoth n.猛犸,毛象;

  ❖ plummeting adj.直线下降的

  ❖ relentless adj.不屈不挠的;残酷无情的,

  ❖ futile adj.徒劳的,无用的;

  译文参考:

  回顾地球的进化历程,动物物种的灭绝是自然秩序不可避免的一部分。曾经在地球上漫游的无数物种现在只是历史编年史上的回响,它们中的大多数在人类出现之前就消失了。例如,火山爆发等灾难性事件可能导致整个物种的突然灭绝。一个鲜明的例子是数千万年前发生的毁灭性的小行星撞击,导致恐龙灭绝。其他自然现象,如海平面波动或气候变化,无论是变暖还是变冷,也可能引发物种灭绝。一个恰当的例子是剑齿虎和猛犸象等物种在冰河时代气温骤降期间的灭绝。面对如此无情的力量,人类干预以防止物种灭绝的想法似乎是徒劳的。

  Body 2

  However, this does not mean that human activities are without fault in the ongoing extinction crisis, especially in modern times. Despite the natural progression of species extinction, the rapid expansion of industrialization and commercialization has intensified the issue. For instance, the encroachment on habitats for industrial and agricultural development has left many species homeless and vulnerable. Moreover, illicit hunting and fishing, driven by profit motives such as the illegal ivory trade, have pushed endangered species like elephants to the brink of extinction. By this token, human actions, undeniably, have contributed to the decline of wildlife populations.

  解析

  (1) 人类活动在持续的物种灭绝危机中也有过错,尤其是在现代;

  (2) 工业和农业发展对栖息地的侵占使许多物种无家可归;非法狩猎和捕鱼将大象等濒危物种推向灭绝的边缘;

  ❖ encroachment n. 侵入,侵犯;侵蚀

  ❖ illicit adj. 非法的,社会不容许的

  ❖ brink n. 边缘

  译文参考:

  然而,这并不意味着人类活动在持续的物种灭绝危机中没有过错,尤其是在现代。尽管物种灭绝是自然进程,但工业化和商业化的迅速发展加剧了这一问题。例如,工业和农业发展对栖息地的侵占使许多物种无家可归,变得脆弱。此外,在非法象牙贸易等利润动机的驱使下,非法狩猎和捕鱼已将大象等濒危物种推向灭绝的边缘。因此,不可否认,人类的行为导致了野生动物数量的减少。

  Ending Paragraph

  In light of these insights, I firmly believe that to maintain ecological balance, it is imperative for us to initiate and sustain efforts aimed at slowing the rate of animal extinction. By shouldering responsibility for our impact on the environment and implementing conservation measures, we can help ensure the survival of the rich tapestry of life on Earth.

  解析

  ❖ imperative adj. 极重要的,必要的;

  ❖ rich tapestry 丰富多彩的

  译文参考:

  鉴于这些见解,我坚定地认为,为了保持生态平衡,我们必须发起并持续努力,减缓动物灭绝的速度。我们必须要肩负起对环境影响的责任,并采取保护措施,就能帮助确保地球上丰富多彩的生命得以延续。

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