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当前位置:首页 > 雅思频道 > 雅思阅读 > 雅思阅读精读要点

雅思阅读精读要点

发布时间:2016-01-15 关键词:雅思阅读精读要点

摘要:备战雅思阅读要精读每一篇文章,不要只贪图量,囫囵吞枣的结果就是自己很难。下面跟随新航道小编来看下如何精读一篇文章吧

  备战雅思阅读要精读每一篇文章,不要只贪图量,囫囵吞枣的结果就是自己很难。下面跟随新航道小编来看下如何精读一篇文章吧。

  举个例子

  For many environmentalists, the world seems to be getting worse. They have developed a hit-list of our main fears: that natural resources are running out; that the population is ever growing, leaving less and less to eat; that species are becoming extinct in vast numbers, and that the planet's air and water are becoming ever more polluted.

  精读的步骤

  步 从词汇(单词, 短语)入手:把句子里的单词(主要是动词,形容词,副词)这三类词达到认知程度, 拓展同义词,派生词等,因为根据雅思阅读考点的出现频率看,这三类词最容易被替换。如果时间允许,再看看名词里的抽象名词,物质名词采取猜词技巧可以解决。 例如以上的句子:

  动词:

  run out(拓展 exhaust/use up);

  grow(拓展growth/increase/progress….);

  leave(拓展不仅表示“留下来,离开的意思,还可以表示使处于某种状态);

  eat(拓展 feed,);

  extinct(拓展extinction/die out );

  pollute(拓展 pollution/pollutant );

  形容词和副词:worse;;main; natural;less;vast

  名词:environmentalist;fear;resource;population;species; ;lanet

  第二步 从语法结构入手:分清句子的主谓宾或主系表;如果是复合句或长难句,拆分成简单句;例如: They have developed a hit-list of our main fears: that …..; that ……..; that…….., and that ……….. 此句后面的冒号是解释说明,后面有四个小分句;

  第三步 从段落结构入手: 分析段落内的连贯和衔接关系,并分析段落中的句子是如何衔接的. 例如: 以上的段落是总分结构 总: For many environmentalists, the world seems to be getting worse. 分: They have developed a hit-list of our main fears: that …; that …..; that .,…., and that …..

  第四步 试着用不同的单词,不同的语法结构进行改写(paraphrase),这个步骤称为“二度创作” 。刚开始训练时比较痛苦,因为在脑海中要搜寻学过的东西加以整理,这本身就是一个需要思考的过程。等训练多了形成自己的思维体系及语言表达能力后,输出改写就会得心应手了。例如上一段的改写

  A number of environmentalists hold a pessimistic view of the earth. They have developed a hit-list of our main fears: that natural resources are exhausted; that the number of people is ever growing, leaving less and less to eat; that a vast number of species are dying out, and that air and water are polluted more seriously.

  精读文章就好像盖楼时候在砌的一砖一瓦,要踏踏实实的做好,这样才能保证大楼的质量,雅思阅读的也需要一步步地积累。雅思培训信息请关注北京新航道官方网站雅思频道!

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