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当前位置:首页 > 托福频道 > 托福阅读 > 托福阅读模拟练习材料:关于干旱

托福阅读模拟练习材料:关于干旱

发布时间:2016-06-23 关键词:托福阅读模拟练习材料:关于干旱

摘要:这次老师在托福培训课上上分享了托福阅读模拟练习材料,话题是关于干旱的。一起来看看吧。

  这次老师在托福培训课上上分享了托福阅读模拟练习材料,话题是关于干旱的。一起来看看吧。

  For those of us lucky enough to always have enough food and water, it may be hard to imagine living through a drought. A drought occurs when for a variety of reasons, usually including a lack of rainfall and warm temperatures. Soil moisture severely dwindles. Why and how do these meteorological events occur?

  As air swirls around the earth, it rises and sinks over different areas of the globe. When air rises it cools and loses moisture. When air sinks, it grows warmer and absorbs moisture, drying out the land. Sinking air helps to form deserts, such as the Sahara Desert in Africa.

  Warm, sinking air can hamper cloud formation, which results in less rain and lower overall humidity. When these conditions occur in an area that normally receives enough rain to allow plants to grow and keep water sources replenished, a drought can ensue. The Dust Bowl that affected the prairie regions of the United States was one infamous drought. An equally severe drought occurred in the United States in the summer of 1988. Rainfall over the mid-west, Northern Plains, and the Rockies was fifty to eighty-five percent below normal.

  Sometimes over-farming and soil erosion contribute to drought, but there are also natural disasters that can occur even when soil is carefully preserved. And when a drought hits, there’s little that can be done to end it. Water and soil conservation can help, but until the rains come again there’s not much science can do.

  托福阅读贵在多看多想,祝考试顺利!

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