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金磊:如何使用简单的材料达到提高托福分数的目的

2017/09/2904:49来源:互联网  

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  金磊,北京新航道学校主讲名师。7年托福写作、口语教学经验,4年雅思教学经验,并负责GRE GMAT ACT SAT AP各课程教学。在短时间内可以帮助学生提高写作与口语答题技巧,优秀的发音让学生更好地欣赏英语之美,勤勉的教学态度使学生在批改中打破分数桎梏,务实 的教学理念推动学生提高分数。因材施教,深入浅出,风趣幽默,循循善诱。

  如何使用简单的材料达到提高托福分数的目的?我的学生们在准备托福考试的时候都会有一些比较“难”回答的问题,比如:我现在还听不太懂TPO里面的听力,一直听TPO是不是浪费时间?

  又或者:老师,论据总是用这种“人工的“例证会不会太low?

  再或者:老师老师,我能举数字例子吗?怎么举才够concrete够convincing呢?

  其实,英语学习的素材现在铺天盖地,从传统书店里面的辅导书到微信一搜就有的公众号,每天都有大量的英语文字呈现。

  关键问题并不是没有素材,而是,你真的用好了素材吗?

  我举个特别简单的例子,VOA大家肯定都听过,我也是从初中就开始坚持听Special English的节目,到高中左右几乎听标准语速的VOA节目已经不怎么成问题了,纯正的美语发音和学科知识是VOA的亮点,这也符合托福的考试思路,题型的多样化和北美校园生活的能力。

  这里选取的是2016年5月3号的一篇Report:

  Housing costs are rising in northern California because of a small supply of rental apartments and growing demand for them by technology workers.

  A strong economy and the technology industry have been blamed for a housing crisis in the San Francisco Bay Area.

  The industry pays high wages to many of its workers. Because the area is home to many high-tech companies, the workers are willing to pay more for housing.

  The average cost for a one-bedroom rental apartment in San Francisco is nearly $3,590 a month, according to the website Zumper. Prices are similar in many nearby communities.

  (…)

  That rent is even higher than New York City, the second-most costly market in the United States. Zumper reported this month that the average rent in New York for a one-bedroom apartment was $3,340.

  (…)

  (以上文字为节选)

  有木有觉得语速很亲切很柔和?比之托福听力120-150词每分钟的语速,这显然要慢很多,课时千万不要小看他,中间的一些单词你可不一定能辨别清楚。

  那怎么应用到输出的部分(口语和写作)中呢?

  我们来看两道口语真题:

  Which do you prefer? A job in a distant city with a high salary, or a job in your current city with a lower salary.

  One of your friends has just moved to a new city. What suggestions do you have to help him fit in? Please explain your opinion in details.

  两道题目的特征都是关于urban life的,去北美留学,租房子绝对是大家都头疼的问题,谁不想住得好又不费钱呢?那么答案的思路就来了,以前一题为例:

  I would like to take a position with a high salary even if I have to move to somewhere distant.

  Firstly, a job with decent payment is needed to pay for the rent. I really want an apartment near my working place so that I don’t have to waste a lot of time commuting and I can take more rest after work. However, the area where my apartment is located can be home to many big companies whose workers are willing to pay more for housing; therefore, I have to earn more to afford my apartment.

  是不是有点启发呢?我们看一下第二题的思路:

  get an apartment to live in à save some money to deal with …

  同样的素材还可以应用在托福写作中,就比如如下这道写作真题:

  Do you agree or disagree with the statement? It is often not a good idea to move to a new city or a new country because you will lose old friends.

  如果我我们采取否定的态度,我们就可以用对于搬到新的城市会带来诸多不便为由,进行写作,举例时就可以用上租房贵的论据啦:

  The average cost for a one-bedroom rental apartment in San Francisco is nearly $3,590 a month, according to the website Zumper, which is even higher than that in New York City, the second-most costly market in the United States ($3,340).

  这样的举例细节是不是很简介,而且论据可信度很高,细节也很完整,达到我们托福写作中对于exemplification的要求。

  其实周边可以参考的资料有很多,比如VOA, New York Times, Economists等等,关键是同学们有没有花心思整理属于自己的答题内容呢?相信考官也会更青睐这些极具个性化的语言吧!

 

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