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雅思写作三大类题材范文,得高分必须掌握这几个关键点!

2016/08/2603:11来源:互联网  

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      雅思写作一直是烤鸭们比较头疼的问题,主页君也和许多童鞋聊过,他们都表示汉语作文都写不好,写英语作文简直要了命!小编今天跟大家分享三篇高分范文,有着同样“写作癌”的童鞋可以参考;另外,雅思写作想要拿高分必须掌握的几点,在第二部分会告诉大家,拿去好好琢磨!(篇幅略长,满满干货!)

 

第一部分 · 三类题材范文

 

1.新闻媒体类—控制媒体暴力

 

【题目】
The government should control the amount of violence in films and on television in order to decrease the violent crimes in society. To what extent do you agree or disagree with this issue?

【思路】

应该控制1:有暴力情节的电影和镜头是精神毒药。它们包含太多的刺激的,煽动性的情结,这让观众变得富有攻击性。

 

应该控制2:有暴力情节的电影中的电影明星树立了负面榜样,他们给年轻人传达了一个错误的观念,即暴力是一种合适的方式来解决一切社会问题,这在年轻人中培养了一种对于犯罪的崇拜。

 

不应该控制:暴力镜头本身就能反应社会现实,这是对于人们的一种教育,也让他们对于可能在身边出现的暴力进行防范。


【范文】
Nowadays, many people argue that the government should control the amount of violence in films and on television, in order to reduce social crimes. In my view, this assertion is partially wise, and my reasons would be explored as below.

 

Admittedly, there are many good reasons for controlling the amount of violence in films and on television. First, violent films and television are mental poisons for the audience It is because they contains numerous of erotic, corrupt and provoking episode, with long exposure to which, viewers might become aggressive and eccentric. In addition, violence contents set negative role models for young viewers, especially the youth. Activities like fighting, shooting or killing done by movie stars send teenagers a wrong message that violence is an effective or even essential solution to all troubles. Therefore, these youngsters with immature minds begin to admire violence and disrespect social rules, which leads to the increasing of the juvenile delinquents. According to the analysis above, it is clear that the measure of limiting violent information on media should be encouraged, for the reason that it can directly cut off the access to those illegal and evil behaviors and thoughts, thus keeping people from imitating them.

Advocates claim that the practice of controlling the amount of violence in mass media is a brazen violation of the people's basic right to know the truth of the world. For example, some films contain some violence, but they reflect the things happened around us. Rather than producing negative effects on audience, to some extent, these films educate them. Furthermore, violence in films or on television programs cultivates people's senses of crisis and responsibility, which makes ordinary people and police work better for public security. Consequently, it is irresponsible and foolish to blame the media for violence in our society.

 

As far as I am concern, I strongly believe that the amount of violence in films and TV should be controlled. At the same time, we cannot deny the advantages brought by them. And the best policy is to develop the merits of the violent films and television, while grading and filtering them.

 

2.环境话题类——物种灭绝的原因

 

【题目】
Many species of plants and animals are declining in the world. Give possible reasons and offer solutions.

【思路】
1. 无节制的伐木是根本原因之一。举例,很多地方,森林被迅速地移平来建造农场和橡胶园。结果是,野生动物的自然栖息地会被完全破坏。
2. 工业污染。大量的废水和化学废料被排放到水体和土壤里,它们会毒死很多的植物和动物,并且破坏整个生物圈。
3. 外来生物入侵。后全球化时代,大量的外来物种被带到某一个地区。它们没有天敌,而且会不断捕食当地物种,这造成了当地生物的死亡。


【范文】

It is unquestionable that many plant and animal species are losing their natural habitats and they are becoming extinct in nature. There are several causes of this universal issue, but measures could be taken to tackle the problem. This will be proven by looking at some of the causes and effective solutions to the problem.

 

One of direct causes should be mentioned that is indiscriminate logging worldwide. For example, in many countries the trees are being uprooted giving the way to large-scale farmland of rubber, coffee and tea plantations. As a result, the natural habitat of wildlife has been affected significantly by the deforestation, and been worsened by forest fires and poaching endangered species.


Secondly, much of the human actions are responsible for the destruction of marine life. This, devastation is apparent when the industrial waste and nuclear waste is pumped into sea and oceans. This chemical waste kills the aquatic plants and animals, thus not long halting life cycle but also causing the decline of bio-diversity.The third reason is the species invasion. Deep globalization has brought new species into a specific geographic area, which results in unintended consequences. They are exotic to the environment and can disrupt the ecological balance of the native species. For instance, with no natural defense to the new interlopers, many native species become the prey of these invasive species, and go to the extinction gradually.

The first-proposed solution is to encourage companies, organizations and people especially ethnic to participate in planting trees and protecting forest through supporting interest rate for related activities such as buying seedlings. Next to this solution, there is a necessity for the intervention of government to enact strict laws, regulations and punishments for the companies responsible for the runoff of chemical pollutants into the water and mountains. Moreover, an international agreement between developing and industrialize nations should early be adopted to tighten the consumption of wildlife and 
illegal-sourced wood products.

 

In conclusion, it has been shown that plants and animals are on its last leg. Thus, it is predicted that the government should make some stricter rules in an attempt to safeguard plants and animals.

 

 

3.社会话题类——女性和男性是否擅长不同工作

 

【题目】
Some people think that men and women have different qualities. Therefore, some certain jobs are suitable for men and some jobs are suitable for women. To what extent do you agree or disagree?

【思路】
1. 首先,从生物层面看,女性和男性有着天生不一样的特点。举例,普遍认为女性更擅长照顾家务和小孩,因为女性的性格是比较有耐心,细心,和有爱心。男性也有一些特质,他们生理上更强壮,更果断。这让男性在体力劳动,赚钱养家以及做决定上会有更好的表现。

 

2. 然而,这些所谓的性别差异在今天这个社会以及不入流了。举例,现在女性有着同样的受教育的权利,这以及让女性能公平的进入到职场了。而且那些杰出的女性人物,在社会各个行业,如医生,科学家,政治家,甚至是运动员,已经证明了女人足以胜任社会所有的主流岗位。此外,在所谓的“只适合女性”的职业中,如护士,服装设计师,越来越多的男性开始扮演主导作用。


【范文】

Nature has blessed both men and women with individual characters, which set them apart. All these different characteristics enable them to do different tasks according to their affinities. Due to this, some people opine that it would be best for both sexes to involve themselves in those tasks which suit their personality and skill sets. Others however think that, both are equal and can do each other’s job as efficiently as they can do their own. Therefore, let us analyze the task from both perspectives in order to reach to a relevant conclusion.

 

To begin with, it can be said that both males and females have individual set of characteristics, which enables them to perform well in certain tasks. For example, women are considered exceptionally good at taking care of the household activities and bringing up the children, because most of the women are kind, loving and caring by nature. Similarly, men also have some special traits attached with their personality. For instance, men are deemed to be strong, confident and decisive. These qualities make it possible for them to give excellent performance in areas such as earning bread and butter for the home and making decisions for the family. Apart from that, they can alsosupport their families in emotional as well as security matters.

However, even though both genders are best suited for the jobs mentioned above, we cannot ignore the changing trends, which are taking place in modern world. Nowadays, with the spread of education and equal rights, more and more women are breaking the barriers of their home in order to work outside. They can be seen placed at several important positions, from doctors to politicians and they are also performing better than the expectations of most of the people. In the same way, men are also indulging themselves in house hold tasks by looking after their children and doing household chores. Therefore, it cannot be said that both of the genders are best suitable to do only one type of work.

 

In addition, some people thought that the women have physical weaknesses and should prevent to do jobs which need physical endurance. That opinion is old fashioned and wrong. In the times of Second World War nearly all the jobs which needed physical endurance were getting done by the women in USA and also in USSR, before Soviet Union had collapsed, even the mining operations were getting done by the women. Another example for same kind of situation is about the textile business. In the 19th century, labor force in textile works was dominated by the men but today women are outnumbered the men in that area.


In the ultimate analysis, it can be said that both men and women have been separated with individual qualities facilitating them with abilities to do several tasks. But, by looking at the current norms, it will be wrong to think that they cannot do each other’s job.

 

 

第二部分 · 雅思写作高分的关键点

 

1.善用定语从句

 

定语从句是作文中出现最多的一种语法结构,甚至有的作文中只有简单句和定语从句两种句型,但是大家都这么写或作文中出现不止三次定语从句的话,会导致句型单一。那今天我们就来说下如何变身这些定语从句。

 

改造定语从句的3大方法

 

1:如果定语从句修饰名词,而且定语从句的谓语动词是be动词,也就是N 关系代词BE 形式,这个时候我们可以把关系代词+be动词省略

 

比如:

A vast majority of people who are invited to the party are well-known scientists.

 

我们就可以把who are省略,改为:A vast majority of people invited to the party are well-known scientists.

 

这样我们就把原来普通的定语从句做定语改为了过去分词(非谓语结构的一种)做定语,而分词在书面英语中是一种常用而且比较书面的语法结构,所以建议想考6分以上的烤鸭们多多使用。

 

Employees who are from rural areas will confronted with many problems in major cities.(定语从句做定语)

 

Employees from rural areas will confronted with many problems in major cities.(介词短语做定语)

 

The number of students who cannot attend university is decreasing.

The number of students who are unable to have access to tertiary education is decreasing.

The number of students unable to have access to tertiary education is decreasing.(形容词短语做后置定语)

 

再比如:

Television which has been as one of the most fascinating inventions in the 20th century is now penetrating into every family.

Television, one of the most fascinating inventions in the 20th century, is now penetrating into every family.(同位语)

 

所以当作文中有多出类似的定语从句时,我们可以省略关系代词be动词或者把实意动词转化为be动词之后再省略,这样作文中就可以出现其他语法结构做定语,例如非谓语结构,介词短语,形容词短语,或同位语,而不单单是定语从句。那这样句型是不是就多样化了呢?

 

2:如果出现“名词关系代词实意动词”,这个时候我们可以替换为:n doing sth 形式。

 

比如:

Education, which helps children develop their thinking and accumulate their knowledge , is a deciding factor of one's success.

 

Education,helping children develop their thinking and accumulate their knowledge , is a deciding factor of one's success.

 

We told them they were the victims who deserved sympathy the most.

We told them they were the victims deserving sympathy the most

 

3:如果作文中出现了“,which”修饰其前面整句话的时候怎么改呢?

A-非谓语结构做状语: SVO, (thus)doing sth

B-概括性同位语: SVO,a/an 概括性名词that SVO

 

比如刚才提到的例句:

children spend much time watching TV,which gives rises to many health problems like obesity and poor eyesight.

children spend much time watching TV, giving rises to many health problems like obesity and poor eyesight.

children spend much time watching TV,a bad habit that gives rises to many health problems like obesity and poor eyesight.

 

2.适当加入高分谚语

 

雅思写作,不只要求用词准确语法正确,如果在写作中加入些谚语,就更能突出亮点,突出作者的英语能力,前些天主页君推送给大家过122条常用成语谚语,戳这里查看→潮词汇丨英语中常用的122个中国成语汇总,提升写作逼格必备!

 

3.写作中坚决不能出现的词汇

 

1. a lot of/lots of

这对词组一般不要出现在雅思写作中,考官已经看烦了。可以用A considerable number of来代替它们。

例如:There are a lot of books in the library.

There are a considerable number of books in the library.

 

2. Recently

这个词不好,按照专家的说法就是too imprecise,没有一个具体的时间。可以用 in the last five years…/since…代替。

例如:Recently, many foreigners came to China.

In the last five years, many foreigners came to China.

 

3. There is a survey……

专家是这么说的: Has there been? only say this if you actually know of one,也就是说考官知道这些都是你编的,最好不要用了。

例如:There is a survey on this problem.

 

4. And, because, but

这三个词我们还是经常会用到,是很多人的雅思写作词汇常备。其实最好用in addition, therefore, however等代替。

例如:And another three students come from Shanghai.

In addition, another three students come from Shanghai.

 

5. No one can deny that…/Undoubtedly

这2个词组太绝对了,用来开头并不合适。其实每个人都能持与你意见相反的态度。

例如:Undoubtedly, everyone knows it is true.

 

6. In my opinion, I agree/disagree with this

这是多余的表达。When stating your opinion you follow with a fact 相信大家都能看懂,就不翻译了。

例如:In my opinion, we should do this job at once.

 

7. Nowadays

理由和2差不多, 这个词用在文章里显得太普通了, 专家的原话是it does not mean very much,这就需要我们在雅思写作学习中扩大我们的词汇量啦。

例如:Nowadays, more and more students go abroad to seek better education.

 

8. 不能用vivid 来形容world,vivid可以用来说memories或者是dream之类的。

 

9. It is a well known fact…最好不要用, 有的考官可能会扣分。

 

10. very不能用来形容delicious, lovely, fantastic, wonderful, amazing, gorgeous and huge。

 

11. 雅思文章中千万不能用缩写, 例如I'm,在考场上千万别犯懒,平时最好也别写缩写,多多注意,养成良好的习惯。

 

       雅思写作是个大问题,烤鸭们在这条上还任重道远,我们需要坚定的决心去攻克在雅思写作上碰到的问题。更多雅思培训信息请关注北京新航道官方网站~

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