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贾小岗:地点类雅思口语最高频话题中“有”的表达方法

2017/10/1705:23来源:互联网  

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  贾小岗,北京新航道学校主讲名师。外国语学院英文教育专业,旅居欧洲四年,先后游历英国,法国,德国,意大利,葡萄牙等欧洲国家,对英语语言全球化背景下灵活利用及不同国家语言习惯有深入地了解,并在此过程中充分把握了语言表达地最根本要素及口语提高之匙。推崇活学活用的授课方式,能充分调动课堂氛围及学生的积极性,在短时间内提高学生的英文表达和考试分数。广泛地涉猎各科知识,博学又深入简出地讲述,能够在授课中提高学生的表达能力和综合理解能力。为人随和谦虚,博闻强记,喜爱读书及中国传统文化。相信学习的过程不仅仅可以获得知识,亦可提高学生的文学素养及文化底蕴。

  (本文所选例题皆为雅思口语考试高频话题)

  地点类问题,为雅思最高频话题之一,涉及家乡,学校,住所,阳台,历史及现代建筑,公众场合,娱乐场合,工作地点等诸多具体题目。而我们在回答此种问题的时候,需要经常用到“有”,如“这座建筑有三百年历史。”“我家乡有非常便利的交通网络。”“城市里有很多使得生活便利的设施。”“我家附近有很多商店及餐厅。”等等。

  可能我们最熟悉的“有”是have/has/had, there be结构了,但是频繁地使用这两个表达可能会出现审美疲劳,那么除此之外,我们还可以使用什么词汇或结构,既可以表达出“有”的概念,又能够使得语句问题变幻多姿呢?

  1. 客观存在类 provide/offer/available

  Q: Is your hometown a village or a city?

  A: My hometown is a city, which provides convenient transport of subways, buses and taxis, offers various shopping experiences with its shopping malls of all types and sizes. And numerous hospitals and schools are available too.

  2. 可以表示“骄傲”的“有”, enjoy/boast/home

  Q: Where do you want to work in future?

  A: I would like to work in the US in future. It enjoys the name of the Free Land and boasts the reputation of Where anything is possible, which is worth being figured out by myself. And besides, that country homes the best IT companies like Microsoft, Apple or Facebook. I believe I could make a big shot there.

  3. 表示“附近有”nearby/close by/around the corner/ close to/next to/ adjacent to/handy/at hand/within walking distance

  Q: Is the life around your house/flat convenient?

  A: It is pretty convenient. Right next to our neighborhood is a large supermarket which provides whatever you need for a comfy life. A subway station is just around the corner, adjacent to a bus stop where 7 bus routes are available. And there is even a post office and a bank simply within walking distances.

  4. 修辞类的“有”

  a. Which do you prefer, big shopping malls or little shops?

  I prefer a big shopping mall. It comes with various shops and facilities like a cinema or a café. A wide range of adventure options are just there waiting for you to explore.

  b. Do you like visiting museums?

  No doubts. In Beijing, you don’t have to travel far to find one. Actually a historical museum stands 2 bus stops’ away from our neighborhood and I always go there with my friends on weekends to see those tools, pictures and other exhibits it displays.

  c. Do you like to live in a village or in a city?

  I like to live in a village, which can be easy and cozy. When you take a walk in the country road, a tiny brook or a cute rabbit may suddenly jump into your eyes. Before you know it, your feet may have already brought you to the beginning of an endless cornfield. It can be so quiet at night and Mother nature presents you a dark velvet sky dotted with sparkling crystals. You know what? Life in a village will never fail to provide refreshing and surprising experiences to those who really enjoy it.

  英语学习中,有太多如此的例子可以表达“有”的概念,而我们的列举仅为沧海一粟罢了。希望大家在平时的阅读和学习中多累计以最终达到成沧海,至千里的宏图。

  小练习:

  Tell me about your hometown.(Is it an interesting place?)

  What is your favorite place in your hometown?

  Are there any famous people in your hometown?

  Are there any express ways/high ways/ in your hometown?

  Is your hometown a village or a city?

  Is your hometown a good place to live?

  Is your hometown a good place to raise a kid?

  Is your hometown a good place to develop a career?

  Will you choose to live in a village in future?

  Which part of your hometown do you live in?

  Are there more cars in the city or in the village/suburb?

  Do we need a car more when we live in a village/suburb?

  Do you like to live in a village or in a city?

  Who do you live with?

  Which aspect is better in your life than others?

  What changes have happened to your hometown/country in the past 10 years?

  Is life convenient in your hometown?

  will you stay in your hometown in future?

  what do you like about your hometown?

  What changes has modern technology brought you?

  IS your hometown a good place for young people to develop a career?

  How shall villages develop?

  What landscapes do you have in your hometown?

  What is the weather like in your hometown?

  what specialties do you have in your hometown?

  Do you have any historical/ modern buildings in your hometown?

  What are the people like in your hometown?

  Will you return to live in your hometown after graduation?

  Do you miss your hometown?

  Would you like to live in south of china in the future?

  Do you like where you live?

  What special celebrations do you have in your hometown?

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