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托福阅读中的逻辑问题

2020/03/2503:36来源:互联网  

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  托福阅读文章的长度在700字左右,将这些词汇联系起来的强大内在逻辑使得我们可以分析出哪些内容属于重点的引领性的内容,哪些又是不重要的可以不用浪费时间的内容。我们一起来看下托福阅读中的逻辑问题吧!

  1、否定关系中

  显性否定关系词:

  no, not, none, neither, never, deny

  隐含的否定义关系词:

  fail to, absence from,lack\ lack of, refuse to, little, few

  例、I write to my parents every month./I never fail to write to my parents every month./He is little known as an artist./He is not a famous artist

  带以下否定前缀的词:

  a- ab-anti- counter-de-dis-, il-, im-, in-, ir-, mal-, mis-, non-, un-

  带以下否定后缀的词:

  less, -free, -proof

  2、因果关系中

  显性因果关系词:

  because, since, for, as, due to, owing to, In that, so(that), therefore, thus, hence, as a result, consequently...

  例:We didn't know what to do as we were just visiting there./The delay is owing to the crowded traffic./This book is different from that book in that this one is about chemistry and that one about history.

  隐含的因果关系词:(有导致或者促进意味的词)

  cause, lead to, make, render, stimulate, spur, spark, push, motivate,prompt, be responsible to...

  3、比较关系中

  显性比较关系词:

  compare, compare to

  隐含的比较关系词:

  自身含有最高级含义的词:maximum, favorite, outstanding, top...

  比较级:more…than, -er than, less…than

  表示变化的词:change, alter, vary, modify, revise, increase, decrease, enhance, diminish, develop, progress, advance, improve, retreat, degenerate, continue, remain

  表示差异的词:different, distinguish, separate ,,surpass, exceed, excel, over

  4、条件关系中

  显性条件关系词:

  unless, supposing, suppose, providing / provided (that), in case, as long as7 on condition that...

  隐含的条件关系词:

  时间状语中隐含的条件关系:表示的是“在…情况下会发生”的情况.

  5、并列关系中

  显性并列关系词:

  likewise, in the same way, similarly/similar to, vice versa, also/as well as, not only ...but also ..v both ... and …,neither... nor ,like, equally, or/and...

  隐含的并列关系符号:

  表示并列的符号:“;”(即分号,往往被忽略的一点)

  6、转折关系中

  显性转折关系词:

  but/yet, however, in contrast (to), conversely, though/although, nevertheless, in spite of/despite, on the contrary, even if/even though, instead ,different from/differ from, while...

  隐含的转折关系词:

  但是有相反的概念出现,如"advantage"和"disadvantage","like"和"hate"等。

  以上就是新航道小编为大家整理的相关资讯,希望对大家有帮助,有其他疑问可到新航道北京学校进行咨询。

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