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托福阅读细节题技巧有哪些?

2019/07/1103:26关键词:  

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  托福阅读细节题技巧有哪些?托福阅读细节题的占比还是比较大的,所以大家在托福阅读考试前一定要掌握托福阅读细节题的技巧,今天新航道小编就为大家做一些相关介绍。

  技巧一:带程度副词的,比如only well clearly往往都是错的,这种选项往往很有迷惑性,因为它看似是同义转述,实际确扩大或缩小了词义(说的好抽象 呵呵)比如原文说我打了他,选项:I hit him severely,这个选项一定是错的,人家有没说怎么打的,又没说经脉尽断,你为什么要主观臆断他狠狠的打了呢??!!这个不仅仅适用于细节题,还适用于推断题,讲推断题的时候我给大家举个例子。

  技巧二:类似于程度副词,一般有more than或者比较级的都是错的,原文没有比较,你不能自己给人家比较

  技巧三:敏感于数字,当定位句中有数字的时候,数字之间的比较就是考点。

  For example:

  Paragraph 9: The muscles of these fishes and the mechanism that maintains a warm body temperature are also highly efficient. A bluefin tuna in water of 7°C(45°F) can maintain a core temperature of over 25°C(77°F). This warm body temperature may help not only the muscles to work better, but also the brain and the eyes. The billfishes have gone one step further. They have evolved special "heaters" of modified muscle tissue that warm the eyes and brain, maintaining peak performance of these critical organs.

  10. According to paragraph 9, which of the following is true of bluefin tunas?

  ○Their eyes and brain are more efficient than those of any other fish.

  ○Their body temperature can change greatly depending on the water temperature.

  ○They can swim in waters that are much colder than their own bodies.

  ○They have special muscle tissue that warms their eyes and brain.

  解析:

  第一步先找关键词,关键词是bluefin tunas,这两个词不认识没关系到现在我都不认识直接换成BT就可以了,

  第二步回去找定位句,在第二句中首次出现了BT,并且出现了两组数字,那么这两组数字的比较就是考点。

  第三步读明白这句话,在7°水中的BT可以有一个超过25°的核心温度。

  第四步看选项吧,

  A选项、就是我刚说完的无耻技巧2,more than是错的,原文是说了eyes and brain,也给了很高的评价,说maintaining peak performance of these critical organs. 但是却没有和其它生物比较,所以它是错的。

  B选项、无耻技巧1出现了,greatly谁告诉你greatly了??!!!即使你不会这个技巧,这个选项本身就是与原文相反的,它们的能力是在不同的水温中保持稳定的体温,而不是change。

  C选项、无耻技巧3,数字的比较,7°的水 和25°的体温,就是in waters that are much colder than their own bodies.

  D选项、我之前说的细节题选项的错误特征里面的第三种,比较有迷惑性的,原文有但是不在定位句之内,关键词是bluefin tunas,D选项说的是The billfishes考点信息之外。

  托福阅读细节题解答投机取巧四:

  这个算不上无耻技巧,正常的思路吧,原文说A和B不同,B有C特征,那么答案是A没有C特征。这种题比较考读长句的能力,通常形式是

  A differ from B,which(B的定语从句,说明B的特征C)

  或是unlike A,B怎么怎么有C的特征,

  e.g.

  Paragraph 4: With the advent of projection in 1895-1896, motion pictures became the ultimate form of mass consumption. Previously, large audiences had viewed spectacles at the theater, where vaudeville, popular dramas, musical and minstrel shows, classical plays, lectures, and slide-and-lantern shows had been presented to several hundred spectators at a time. But the movies differed significantly from these other forms of entertainment, which depended on either live performance or (in the case of the slide-and-lantern shows) the active involvement of a master of ceremonies who assembled the final program.

  6. According to paragraph 4, how did the early movies differ from previous spectacles that were presented to large audiences?

  They were a more expensive form of entertainment.

  They were viewed by larger audiences.

  They were more educational.

  They did not require live entertainers.

  第一步还有找关键词early movies和previous spectacles,你要注意了early movies就是上面说的A,previous spectacles就是B,那么寻找B的特征就ok了。

  第二步找定位句吧,我说了无非两种 一个differ from的 一个unlike的,很容易找到了But the movies differed significantly from these other forms of entertainment, which depended on either live performance or (in the case of the slide-and-lantern shows) the active involvement of a master of ceremonies who assembled the final program.

  第三步分析,But the movies(A) differed significantly from these other forms of entertainment(B), which(定语从句说出B的特征)

  depended on either live performance or (in the case of the slide-and-lantern shows) the active involvement of a master of ceremonies who assembled the final program.

  Or后面的成分,我之前说过 a1ora2读一个即可,所以后面很长很闹心的部分不读了!

  第四步ABC我们都找到了,回头看选项吧,

  选项A 原文没提的

  选项B 无耻技巧2 不能比较

  选项C 还有原文没提的

  选项D did not require live entertainers.不就是没有B的depended on either live performance的特征。

  上面就是关于托福阅读细节题技巧的相关内容,希望大家可以根据上面的实例解析学习到一些经验,还有什么疑问可以咨询新航道北京学校在线客服,我们会及时为您解决相关问题。

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