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SAT文法知识点汇总

发布时间:2022-11-26 关键词:SAT文法知识点

摘要:下面新航道小编为大家整理出关于SAT文法知识点的相关内容,希望对大家有一定的帮助。

   下面新航道小编为大家整理出关于SAT文法知识点的相关内容,希望对大家有一定的帮助。

  一、标点符号

  1. 含义:

  句中的标点符号使用要规范。

  2. 类型:

  (1)逗号符号

SAT文法知识点

  3. 用法

  (1)逗号与连词搭配:连词前加逗号。

  例句1: Tom is a hard-working student, but he gives himself a break for every two hours.

  解析:本句中连词but连接两个独立句,与逗号搭配。

  (2)逗号与副词搭配:副词后加逗号,在句中时与双逗号搭配。

  例句2: Tom is a student. Additionally, he studies SAT.

  =例句3: Tom is a student. He, additionally, studies SAT.

  解析:副词additionally与逗号搭配,连接两个独立句,但注意两句的分隔为前面的句号。而例句3中的副词也可以放在第二句主语he后面,做插入语,但还是连接前后两句,故与例句2用法相同。

  (3)逗号与插入语搭配。

  ① 从句:从句与双逗号搭配。

  例句4: Tom, who is a student, studies SAT.

  解析:who引导的定语从句修饰主语Tom,与双逗号搭配。

  ② 名词短语:名词短语与双逗号搭配。

  例句5: Tom, a handsome student, studies SAT.

  解析:名词短语a handsome student修饰主语Tom,与双逗号搭配。

  ③ 非谓语动词:非谓语动词与双逗号搭配。

  例句6: Tom, passing English test, studies SAT, which is a standardized test.

  解析:非谓语动词passing English test修饰主语Tom,与双逗号搭配。

  题目检测

  题目检测 1

  We lost the first game of the World Cup, although everyone played well.

  A. NO CHANGE

  B. World Cup; although

  C. World Cup. Although

  D. World Cup: although

  解析:通过逗号和连词看出是逗号与连词搭配的考点,根据“连词前加逗号”的原则,A项逗号与连词搭配分隔主从句,而B/C/D选项的标点符号会造成不完整句的出现,所以排除B/C/D,所以选A。

  题目检测 2

  Peter Watson was a talented artist. He was moreover a writer of some note.

  A. NO CHANGE

  B. was, moreover a

  C. was moreover, a

  D. was ,moreover, a

  解析:通过逗号和副词看出是逗号与副词搭配的考点,根据“副词后加逗号,在句中时与双逗号搭配”的原则,两句中的句号分隔两句,所以第二句中的moreover是副词,连接前后两句,故应该与双逗号搭配,所以排除A/B/C,所以选D。

  题目检测 3

  Maria Sharapova, who is one of the most talented tennis athletes won the WTA championship.

  A. NO CHANGE

  B. who is one of the most talented tennis athletes, won

  C. , who is one of the most talented tennis athletes, won

  D. , who is one of the most talented tennis athletes, won,

  解析:通过逗号与从句看出是逗号与插入语的考点,根据“从句与双逗号搭配”的原则,who is one of the most talented tennis athletes是插入语修饰主语Maria Sharapova,所以是双逗号,故排除A/B;又根据“谓语和宾语之间不能用逗号隔开”的原则,谓语won与宾语the WTA championship之间不能用逗号分隔,所以排除D,所以选C。

  题目检测 4

  Compared with other countries in the past four decades, China, one of the fast growing countries in the world achieved their goals one by one.

  A. NO CHANGE

  B. , one of the fast growing countries in the world, achieved

  C. one of the fast growing countries in the world, achieved

  D. , one of the fast growing countries in the world, achieved,

  解析:通过逗号与从句看出是逗号与插入语的考点,根据“名词短语与双逗号搭配”的原则,one of the fast growing countries in the world是插入语修饰主语China,故排除A和C;又根据“谓语和宾语之间不能用逗号隔开”的原则,谓语动词achieved与宾语their goals之间不能用逗号分隔,所以排除D,所以选B。

  题目检测 5

  China surpassing Japan as the second largest economy twelve years ago, will become the largest economy with a decade.

  A. NO CHANGE

  B. , surpassing Japan as the second largest economy twelve years ago will

  C. , surpassing Japan as the second largest economy twelve years ago, will

  D. , surpassing Japan as the second largest economy twelve years ago, will,

  解析:通过逗号与从句看出是逗号与插入语的考点,根据“非谓语动词与双逗号搭配”的原则,surpassing Japan as the second largest economy twelve years ago是插入语修饰主语China,故排除A和B;又根据“非必要不分隔”的原则,助动词will与谓语动词become之间不能用逗号分隔,所以排除D,所以选C。

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