摘要：Sometimes people wish to be more confident, for example, they may want to express their opinions more frequently in meetings at work, or they may want to contribute more to class discussions at school.
Sometimes people wish to be more confident, for example, they may want to express their opinions more frequently in meetings at work, or they may want to contribute more to class discussions at school.
Which ONE of the following actions do you think would best help to increase confidence in these types of work or school situations? Why?
-Spending more time preparing for class discussions at school or meetings at work
-Learning about and practicing techniques to help you become more confident
-Finding a more experienced person who can give advice about how to handle these situations
1、To be a confident speaker who can articulate his thoughts in business meetings or in-class discussions, the best method is to hone the skills that can add some confidence. It is admitted that a meticulous preparation and valuable advice from professors may also instill confidence in speakers, skills aiming to build up confidence are however the cornerstone of them. [开头段不妨开门见山表明观点, 并且对于题中剩下两个选项做出简短让步 ]
* Hone v. 磨砺 [技能等]
* Meticulous adj. 一丝不苟的, 周密的
* Instill in 灌输 [意识等]
* Articulate v. 说清楚
2、Uncertainties about the topics of class discussions are a major contributor to people’ silence, a typical sign of lacking confidence, in classroom discussions; and likewise, self-repetitions or vague opinions during business meetings are common in people without confidence. In this case, a thorough preparation helps them gain insights into classroom discussions and polish up the drafts of the business reports, and this seems to be able to build up their confidence. [← 先说明选项一的可取之处, 论证思路为先抛出一系列棘手的问题,然后用该选项将这些问题解决了,于是该选项的可取之处也就自然点明了。] However, can an adequate preparation single-handedly make a confident speaker? In fact, unless equipped with sound speaking skills, a speaker with well-prepared drafts cannot deliver them in a lucid manner, let alone displaying confidence before the audience. [进入驳回,记得用好”Unless”, 也就是除非有我们的选项,不然单凭选项一是没有用的] In other words, after preparing carefully, a speaker need to learn and practice some body language that showcase his confidence. It does not take a leap of imagination to picture how confident would a man look if he maintains eye contact with others when voicing opinions in groups or actively encouraging comments and feedback from others. Hence, to increase confidence, one should practice relevant techniques in the first place.
* Polish up 修改,润色
* Be a major contributor to 是某事情的主要诱因
* single-handedly adv. 单枪匹马地, 独自地
* Voice v. 表达(感情,意见等)
3、It would be redundant to emphasize the importance of consulting experienced persons about how to improve confidence. However, odds are good that their advice may not necessarily prove relevant. To be more specific, it is well known that theoretically sound advice may not work in practice, meaning that merely listening to suggestions from the experienced can hardly make a difference in one’s confidence. Instead, their suggestions should be integrated with the practice of techniques that help one become confident in business or classroom context. [是不是发现说理不好说下去了? 那么便开始举例吧, 但要记住例证部分要具体们也就是说明前面的宽泛名词”theory” “techniques”等具体是什么]
* theoretically sound advice 理论上完美的建议
* Integrate v. 成为一体,结合