欢迎来到新航道北京学校官网!

400-900-9767

关于我们 课程中心 校区网点720°全景观校
新航道北京学校
首页

TOEFL托福

当前位置:首页 > 托福频道 > 托福阅读 > 【师资详解】托福阅读之重难点句

【师资详解】托福阅读之重难点句

发布时间:2016-03-08 关键词:【师资详解】托福阅读之重难点句

摘要:托福阅读长难句是我们需要重点攻克的内容之一,为了帮助大家在即将到来的托福阅读考试中托福这一块的难点,上托福培训课的老师特别整理了托福阅读重难点句型,帮助我们突破托福阅读,下面我们就来详细介绍一下,希望对你的托福阅读考试会有的帮助。

  托福阅读长难句是我们需要重点攻克的内容之一,为了帮助大家在即将到来的托福阅读考试中托福这一块的难点,上托福培训课的老师特别整理了托福阅读重难点句型,帮助我们突破托福阅读,下面我们就来详细介绍一下,希望对你的托福阅读考试会有的帮助。

  托福阅读重难点句型:

  59. Nevertheless, researchers of the Pleistocene epoch have developed all sorts of more or less fanciful model schemes of how they would have arranged the Ice Age had they been in charge of events.(3+)

  然而,研究 P 时代的研究者发展除了各种各样的或多或少有些奇怪思想的模型系统,用来显示如果由他们来决定地质事件的话他们将会如何安排冰川纪。

  难句类型:复杂修饰、倒装、修辞

  解释:句末的由 how 引导的名词性从句中包括了双重的倒装,正常的语序本来是:If they had been in charge of events, they would have arranged the Ice Age in certain model schemes。本句中由于 arrange的方式被提前,就造成了 arrange 的动作执行者也要提前,前面的 if they had been 则必须后置;这样一来又造成了 if 被省略,成为 had they been 的倒装结构。

  另外,作者为了表达其对于这些研究者的模型的负态度,并炫耀其幽默感,在本句中使用了虚拟语气,并

  使用了 fanciful 这个词以表示这些研究的不负责任、异想天开的幼童心理。

  意群训练:Nevertheless, researchers of the Pleistocene epoch have developed all sorts of more or less fanciful model schemes of how they would have arranged the Ice Age had they been in charge of events.

  60. This succession was based primarily on a series of deposits and events not directly related to glacial and interglacial periods,rather than on the more usual modern method of studying biological remains found in interglacial beds themselves interstratified within glacial deposits. (4)

  这一序列演替(succession)所依据的,主要是一系列与冰川期和间冰期并不直接相关的地质沉积物和地质事件,而不是依据更为普遍的现代方法,去研究间冰层(interglacial bed)中所发现的生物残留物,而这些间冰层本身又在冰川沉积物发生间层化(interstatified)。

  难句类型:复杂修饰、省略、易淆指代

  解释:句子中的 rather than 之后省略了与前面重复的 being based,直接加上了介词 on。Modern method后面的部分都是修饰 method 的。其中的 remains 既可以作动词也可以作名词,此处是名词的用法,biological remains 指的是类似于动物化石之类的遗迹。读到这里我们看到了句子的难点,themselves 既可以指前面离得很远的 modern method(当然,在语法上来讲单复数不一致),也可以指前面离得较远的biological remains,亦可以指紧挨着的 interglacial beds,到底是指代哪一个,只有通过理解句意,才能确定在此处指 biological remains。

  意群训练:This succession was based primarily on a series of deposits and events not directly related to glacial and interglacial periods,rather than on the more usual modern method of studying biological remains found in interglacial beds themselves interstratified within glacial deposits.

  61. There have been attempts to explain these taboos in terms of inappropriate social relationships either between those who are involved and those who are not simultaneously involved in the satisfaction of a bodily need,or between those already satiated and those who appear to be shamelessly gorging.(5)

  托福阅读贵在有针对性地练习和思考。祝大家考试顺利!

996
ETS托福联盟星级成员